Autonomous transport services: three questions for VEDECOM Project Manager Nadège Faul

You just spoke at ITS Copenhagen about the challenges of autonomous services for the public transport of the future. What is the outlook for the overall organisation of mobility?
More crossover between collective and individual mobility are expected in the coming years with the arrival of autonomous transport services. If people are satisfied with these services, they may start using autonomous vehicles on a massive scale. One of our goals in VEDECOM is to promote shared rather than individual mobility. Another is to ensure that the service of the last mile will meet the user expectations and encourage new mobility behaviors.

What is the economic impact on transport players?
Currently, transport services are barely profitable and highly subsidized. Our challenge is to switch into a profitable business model. The main impact of these new services will be on the size and type of fleets, their efficiency and the emergence of new services on the value chain. Therefore, all the stakeholders will have to participate in shared governance.

What about public policy?
Car-sharing does not happen spontaneously. It necessarily requires public incentives. Furthermore, governments will have to facilitate fleet supervision by building infrastructure such as car parks, communicating traffic lights or traffic/autonomous vehicles control centers. Only public authorities is able to promote such an new ecosystem.

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The VEDECOM Institute is attending the 25th ITS World Congress in Copenhagen from 17 to 21 September 2018

The VEDECOM Institute for Energy Transition (ITE) is attending the World congress for intelligent transport systems (ITS), which this year is held in Copenhagen from 17 to 21 September 2018.

Stand E-065
Bella Center (10 minutes from the airport)
Center Blvd. 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark

Several experts from the Institute will talk about the latest results from their research at round tables and scientific conferences. They will also present VEDECOM’s expertise on stand E-065.

VEDECOM is working with its fifty members, all of them players in the French mobility ecosystem, on fifteen projects in three main fields, involving major societal changes, namely the electrification of vehicles; self-driving and connectivity; and shared mobility and energy. VEDECOM also collaborates with various partners in Europe and internationally.

At the ITS in Copenhagen, VEDECOM will also be presenting its new subsidiary VEDECOM Tech. Its purpose is to utilise VEDECOM’s R&D results to provide technological solutions and services to its clients, while remaining attuned to changes in the market. Some examples:

  • Increased perception and supervision of vehicles
  • Modelling and visualisation of urban mobility flows
  • Autonomous mobility services on request
  • Turn-key self-driving vehicle
  • Optimised thermal comfort, with electrical consumption minimised
  • Design and prototyping of innovative electrical machines

 

PROGRAM OF VEDECOM’s INTERVENTIONS

Special interest session:

Monday, September 17th
11h-12h30 : IOT advancing automated mobility and smart cities for improved quality of life
Avec Gilles LE CALVEZ, Directeur de Programme Véhicule
SIS04, salle BERLIN

Technical session:

Monday, September 17th
11h-12h30 : Modelling Timing Delays with Underlying Spatial Dynamics of in situ Point Geometry of Public Transport
Par Medhi KATRANJI
TS03, salle PARIS

Tuesday, September 18th
1. 9h-10h30 – Automated buses: the future of (last-mile) public transport?
Par Nadège FAUL
SIS 16, salle TOKYO

2. 13h30-15h – Smart Villages : ITS in rural areas
Nadège FAUL
SIS24 – LONDON

3. 13h30-15h – A Scenario-Based Hazard Analysis Approach Oriented to The Modelling of Autonomous Driving Functions
Antonello DE GALIZIA
TS15 MONTREAL

Wednesday, September 19th
13h30-15h – Distributed Intelligence in PAC V2X Project
Oyunchimeg SHAGDAR
TS32 MONTREAL

Thursday, September 20th
13h30-15h – Empty vehicle redistribution and fleet-size in autonomous taxi systems
Tatiana BABICHEVA
SP09 NAGOYA

For more information on the exhibition click here

To view the programme click here

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VEDECOM is pleased to announce the HDR of Oyunchimeg SHAGDAR

VEDECOM is pleased to announce the defense of Oyunchimeg SHAGDAR entitled « Optimizing Wireless Communications in Dense Mobile Environments » which will be carried out on Thursday, September 6th, 2018 at UVSQ.

Committee:
Mr Juan Carlos CANO ESCRIBA – Professeur Université de Valence – Espagne – rapporteur
Mr Makoto ITAMI – Professeur Université de Tokyo – Japon – rapporteur
Mme Houda LABIOD – Professeur Telecom Paris-Tech – rapporteur
Mme Pascale MINET – Directrice de Recherche INRIA Paris – examinateur
Mr Fawzi NASHASHIBI – Directeur de Recherche INRIA Paris – examinateur
Mr Samir TOHME – Professeur UVSQ, Tuteur
Mr Jean-Laurent FRANCHINEAU – Directeur du programme, VEDECOM, invité

Abstract:
The ever-increasing number of connected devices and the limited radio resources bring the need of solutions for reliable communications in dense environments.

If communication protocols are not well designed, the wireless dense network suffers from channel congestion problem.

The impact of channel congestion is serious in distributed networks, such as vehicular networks, which need to serve for applications with stringent requirements.

With the objective of improving communication quality in dense mobile environments, we suggested different solutions particularly
1) load balancing in overlapping wireless LANs,
2) distributed congestion control in CSMA/CA vehicular ad hoc networks,
3) CDMA-based vehicular communication and
4) visible light communication for vehicle platoons.

In this work, we present our algorithmic contributions, the mathematical analysis, and the performances evaluated by computer simulations and experiments.

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Presentation of the MOOVE project at the Autonomous Vehicle Test & Development Symposium in Stuttgart

Last June 6th, Gildas THIOLON, Engineer Data Scientist in VEDECOM, presented the MOOVE project at the Autonomous Vehicle Test & Development Symposium in Stuttgart

Subject
Knowledge of the real world driving environment involving manually driving cars is fundamental, allowing detailed identification of safety issues encountered by autonomous cars in similar complex situations.
MOOVE project has been created to obtain this knowledge through real-world data acquisition and critical situation identification and analysis.

Presentation
Details the context and the developed methodology applied to the collected data
– Explains the data modeling applied to build the database
– Identifies the role of crucial variables in the model of Ego vehicle’s environment, for extraction of real world driving scenarios

Analysis of Safety critical scenarios will improved robustness of the autonomous vehicle architectures and systems being developed at the VEDECOM Institute.

Download the all presentation by clicking here

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Thesis of Zayed ALSAYED “Characterizing the Robustness and Enhancing the Accuracy of SLAM-based Localization Systems for Autonomous Driving”

ABSTRACT

For autonomous driving, a false estimation of localization could create hazardous situations and threaten lives. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the reliability of localization systems by enhancing their accuracy and defining and detecting their operating limits. This thesis tackles the integration of Simultaneous Localization And Mapping (SLAM) in an autonomous vehicle for outdoor urban and peri-urban environments under real-life conditions.
SLAM offers immediate localization capabilities while enabling simultaneous construction of a map of the surroundings. SLAM does not require any prior knowledge of the environment and is independent of the infrastructures.
The topics this manuscript addresses mainly emerge from the long-term operation, the diversity, the complexity, the dynamicity and the large-scale of the outdoor environments.
The main topics are: 1. robustness of a SLAM solution by detecting its operating limits. 2. accuracy by alleviating the impact of models’ approximations. 3. scalability and resources awareness using a solid map management technique.
Confusing structures in the environment cause SLAM to fail by misleading its estimation process. SLAM failure is a significant issue that should be taken into account in order to build a robust localization system for autonomous driving. Two approaches to detecting situations in which SLAM may fail are proposed.
The first approach constitutes a relevant descriptor vector analyzing solely raw laser data. Hence, it detects a priori potential failure scenarios which makes it independent of the underlying SLAM implementation.
The second approach exploits the likelihood scores distribution, which makes it rely on the estimation process but independent of the sensor used. This approach operates in parallel to SLAM. The decision in both approaches is made using different Machine Learning models. Approximations in SLAM models (e.g. map representation model, displacement model) induce systematic errors in their estimations. To attenuate such errors; our approach uses two types of relevant information: the previous relative pose estimations, and the likelihood scores distribution. The prediction is based on an Ensemble Multilayer Perceptron (EMLP) model to give a proper correction. This correction is applied a posteriori to the SLAM estimation to compensate for the errors.
Moreover, the environment size, which is relatively high, cannot be dictated or limited a priori. Hence, we present a map management technique that is dedicated to 2D gridbased SLAM approaches; such a method ensures seamless navigation with stable resource requirements (i.e. memory and processor load) independently of the size of the environment and the length of the journey.
The approaches presented in this thesis are demonstrated and validated with a series of investigations with an extensive experimental evaluation carried out on open datasets and on our real vehicular platforms under real-life constraints.

Séminaire international “L’espace de la mobilité comme projet”

Une perspective franco-latino-américaine

L’Institut pour la ville en mouvement-VEDECOM et la Faculté d’Architecture et d’Urbanisme de l’Université Fédérale de Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) organisent un séminaire international le 7 juin 2018 à l’UFRJ, en collaboration avec l’Ambassade de France au Brésil (Délégation Régionale de Coopération pour l’Amérique du Sud) et la Fondation Furban.

Cet événement passera en revue les concours, les expositions et diverses activités liées au programme de recherche Passages. Depuis 2014, cette exposition met en focus l’importance de ces petits espaces de la mobilité dans l’aménagement urbain et dans la conception d’un système de mobilité intégré. Dans un deuxième temps la discussion s’orientera sur le rôle des campus universitaires et leurs relations avec les villes.

La direction internationale de l’IVM sera réunie à l’occasion de cette rencontre, ainsi que des représentants de la Chaire latino-américaine de l’Institut, et des experts venus du Mexique, du Costa Rica, de Colombie, du Chili, du Venezuela, du Pérou, d’Argentine, du Brésil et de l’Uruguay.

Le 8 juin se tiendra également un séminaire interne de la Chaire qui présentera les premiers résultats du projet de recherche-action « Les hyperlieux mobiles ».

Pour télécharger le programme cliquez-ici

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