Laboratoire de Génie Industriel – LGI – présents
the notice of public defence

of Mr. Icaro FREITAS GOMES
Laboratoire Génie Industriel (CentraleSupélec/Université Paris Saclay)
et Institut VEDECOM

“Beyond Mobility: On the Economics of Electric Vehicle’s Multiple Roles in an Energy Transition Framework”

 on Friday 10 of September at 14h

 At Paris-Sacaly University – Faculté Jean Monnet in Sceaux in Salle Gaudemet room

Or in videoconference following this link.

Jury Members:

  •  Patrice GEOFFRON, Professeur, Université Paris-Dauphine (Rapporteur)
  • Carine STAROPOLI, Professeure Associée, Paris School of Economics (Rapporteure)
  • Pascal DA COSTA, Professeur, CentraleSupélec (Examinateur)
  • Ramteen SIOSHANSI, Professor, The Ohio State University (Examinateur)
  • Willett KEMPTON, Professor, University of Delaware (Examinateur)
  • Rémy LE BOENNEC, Institut Vedecom (Invité)

Thesis Direction

  • Yannick PEREZ, Professeur, CentraleSupélec, Université Paris-Saclay (Directeur)
  • Emilia SUOMALAINEN, Institut Vedecom (Co-Directrice)

Abstract

The rapid uptake of electric vehicles supported by greenhouse gas emission reduction targets may create challenges to the electricity system. Nevertheless, they can contribute to the decarbonization of both power and mobility sectors simultaneously if appropriate economic regulations are present. Appropriate economic signals coupled with essential technologies like smart charging and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) will facilitate the integration of electric vehicles in the power sector. In turn, these technologies will allow the utilization of thousands of GWh of battery capacity by system operators in a mid-term horizon. This dissertation investigates several economic aspects on how to unlock the full potential of electric vehicles, not only as a means of transportation but also as an energy resource in an energy transition scenario.

First, it investigates the synergy between electric vehicles and distributed energy resources such as solar PV and stationary batteries. An analytical framework identifying the main research areas and underlying relationships between them is provided. Then, it analyses the impact of different retail tariff designs on private investment incentives and cost-shifting. The context of commercial facilities with both electric vehicles and distributed energy resources is considered. Moreover, it also assesses electric vehicle remuneration obtained from bill management services according to the tariff design. Finally, moving to the residential sector, it discusses the future of domestic electric vehicle rates. Several rate plans and solutions adopting submetering are proposed to users and national regulatory authorities. These proposals have the goal to incentivize electric mobility while ensuring maximum social welfare.